CBD Oil Ultimate Guide 2022
Among a huge variety of CBD products, oils are some of the most popular ones. They have gained recognition from people in different parts of the world for their ease of use and variety of applications. And today’s article is devoted to CBD oils and their various features. Information about CBD changes rapidly as the industry expands, so it’s crucial to capture all the essential data at this time. In this ultimate guide to CBD oils, we will try to cover everything from the definition of CBD in general to the different applications of the oil from this compound as of the start of 2022. Are you ready? Here we go!
1. What is CBD?
CBD, a short form of “cannabidiol”, is a natural compound (cannabinoid) found in the hemp plant. It’s only one of more than a hundred compounds contained in the plant. Unlike its counterpart, THC, which is responsible for the so-called “entourage effect”, CBD is not intoxicating and cannot get one high.
2. What is CBD oil?
In short, CBD oil is a mixture of CBD, flavourings and carrier oil (for example, coconut or hemp seed oil). There are several kinds of CBD oil presented on the market, and the three main ones are full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and isolate. Since each of them is made up of different compounds or combinations thereof, they can all have different potential effects.
With a wide range of CBD oils to choose from, it’s easy to get confused about whether the one you bought is of the right quality. Therefore, we recommend that it’s highly important to purchase third-party certified products from companies you trust.
CBD oil can appear in different colours ranging from pink to deep brown. The colour of the oil is dependent on several factors, including the extraction process, decarboxylation, filtration and use of the base oil.
The taste of CBD oil depends on its composition. The most important role is played by terpenes and flavonoids contained in the plant. Three components are key to the oil’s taste: the terpenes, carrier oil and flavourings. Pure CBD tastes earthy and a bit grass-like, but added flavourings or other oils can alter this taste materially.
3. How CBD oil is produced
The quality of a CBD product depends on each production method employed. The process of making CBD oil involves a number of steps, including:
- Planting the hemp plant
Testing and preparation of the soil, then placing of the seeds in the ground.
- Harvesting the plant
This process can take 100-120 days. Before the plant is officially harvested, a sample of each crop is tested and approved. This is in accordance with legal restrictions on THC levels. After harvesting, the plants are placed in a well-ventilated area for 3-4 weeks for processing or air-drying.
- Extracting, refining and distilling CBD oil from the plant
There are many techniques for extracting CBD from the plant. Each method has its particular pros and cons and can be used depending on the desired end product. Different extraction methods can be used when producing CBD oil, including CO2, alcohol and ethanol extractions. Detailed information on each of them will be provided below.
- Creating the oil
CBD oil, flavourings and carrier oil (coconut or hemp seed oil) are mixed without losing any important characteristics of each component.
- Lab testing and packaging
All products undergo third-party testing. A sample from each batch is sent to a laboratory, where it is tested for purity and potency. Organoleptic tests confirm the quality of the products.
4. CBD extraction methods used to make CBD oil
And now, it’s time to take a deeper look at the different CBD extraction methods used to manufacture CBD oil.
- CO2 extraction
CO2 (carbon dioxide) extraction is considered a safe method of making CBD oil that generates very little waste. Usually, the process involves three chambers. Inside each chamber, specific operations are performed to turn raw plant material into a CBD oil extract.
- Alcohol extraction
This method is important because of its high efficiency in separating the CBD molecule from other compounds found in the hemp plant and purifying the solution. The solvent then evaporates and only pure CBD oil remains.
- BHO extraction
BHO, or butane hash oil, is another substance that can be used to extract CBD oil. The process is similar to that of alcohol extraction, except that the solvent does not experience low temperatures during BHO extraction. Marry Jane caters to different client needs and supplies products made using the best types of extraction, all three of which are listed above.
5. Intake and dosage of CBD oil
Another important question about CBD concerns its dosage and concentrations. We will consider these in this section. Generally speaking, the CBD concentration is a percentage of the active compound contained in the oil.
Since CBD is a relatively new product on the market, there is no exact data about a strict dosage that is recommended or regulated by, for example, the European Medicines Agency or other authoritative medical institutions. The estimated dosage is usually calculated depending on the type of product used, so CBD manufacturers include this information in their guidance.
Concentration per dose can be calculated on your own. To do so, one needs to know how many doses are contained in the oil and what the amount of mg per drop is. For example, since it is known that a 1 ml glass syringe can hold 10 doses, it is quite easy to calculate the amount of extract per dose, which is 100 mg.
1 ml = 1000 mg; 1000 mg / 10 = 100 mg
Keep in mind that this calculation has a recommendatory nature and can be used just for checking. It’s important to pay attention to the information given by a trustworthy manufacturer of a third-party tested product and have a consultation with your doctor to get professional medical advice.
With many various concentrations of CBD oil, it can be quite difficult to find out which is the right one for you. Understanding that each concentration has its own possible properties is very important. Also, try not to overestimate, and if you’re new to CBD, it is better to start with smaller doses and then slowly increase them as needed.
When buying Marry Jane drops, you will need to choose the desired concentration, which is given in both percentages and milligrams. There are six different options available: 5% (500 mg), 10% (1000 mg), 15% (1500 mg), 20% (2000 mg), 25% (2500 mg) and 30% (3000 mg) in 10 ml CBD drops. In case, it’s difficult to choose the one that suits you the most, you can find the short information about each of them in one of the next sections. For more information, you can contact our team of professionals that is on hand to help you.
There are various factors that can influence the choice of a particular CBD concentration and dosage. Gender, body weight and state of health, method of using CBD, the purpose for using CBD and desired strength are the most important ones.
6. Application of CBD oil
What time of the day is optimal for using CBD oil drops? This is a key question for people who are starting to take them. The main considerations here are how the body can process and react to the oil, what purpose you are using it for and whether you are using it daily. Some people may experience different potential effects when taking CBD oil at various times of the day or under different conditions. Other factors, such as the amount one takes and how often one consumes the oil, can also make a difference.
The ideal time is whenever you feel CBD fits best into your routine. For example, some people add CBD oil to their routine at the start of their day. Others, on the contrary, finish their day with CBD oil when they go to bed.
The second big question is how often should one be using CBD oil? Again, there is no one answer. The frequency of use depends on personal preferences and the purpose of taking CBD oil. Sometimes it’s not necessary to take the oil daily.
Whatever your preferences, both the above questions should definitely be discussed with your doctor before you start taking CBD oil.
7. Can CBD oil make a person high?
As we mentioned before, there is no “best” time for taking CBD oil. And according to several studies, CBD oil cannot cause the so-called “entourage effect”, which means it won’t get you high. CBD, the main ingredient in the product, is not intoxicating, unlike THC, which is strictly controlled worldwide and prohibited in some countries. So, be sure to pay attention to the international and local legislation governing CBD and THC. CBD oil can contain THC, and its amount in the product ranges from 0 to 1 per cent, which is comparatively low.
Instead of consuming CBD oil at the beginning or end of the day, some people take it in the middle of the day. Since people can’t get high from it and it’s easy to use, it shouldn’t have any effect on your daily routine.
Although CBD itself doesn’t have an intoxicating effect, it can be detected in drug tests. It’s important to be aware that CBD can remain in the body for some time. Below, we have indicated how long CBD oil can potentially stay in different parts of the human body.
While blood tests are not as common as urine tests to screen for CBD and cannabinoids, they can be used to detect THC metabolites. The reason why blood tests are not the preferred drug screening method is because of how quickly THC is removed from the bloodstream.
Urine testing is the primary way to screen for CBD and cannabinoids in the body. However, the window for detecting CBD and other compounds with urine tests can vary greatly.
It mainly depends on the dose you take and how often you use it. Typically, these metabolites can be detected in urinalysis from three days to two weeks after the last dose.
In this regard, the main point is that there is no absolute amount of time for CBD to remain in the human body. The duration varies from person to person and depends on several factors.
8. A wide range of CBD oils
As CBD oils are some of the most popular CBD products, it is not a surprise that they are available in many varieties. According to different classifications, CBD oils can be divided into several groups. Let’s review them in this section.
The variety of CBD oils is really huge. And in terms of their contents, there are three main groups, which are as follows:
– Full-spectrum CBD oil. It contains all major compounds of the plant including cannabinoids like CBD and THC as well as terpenes and flavonoids.
|CBD Drops HS Regular 10%||CBD Drops MCT Regular 10%|
– Broad-spectrum CBD oil. This kind of oil has all the elements contained in the full-spectrum CBD oil but no THC. This is achieved by a liquid chromatography process (it means selective binding of THC and removing it at low temperatures, leaving the remaining synergistic cannabinoids, terpenes and amino acids intact) implemented with the full-spectrum CBD oil.
|CBD Drops MCT Light 15%||CBD Drops Watersoluble|
– CBD isolate oil. This oil is considered the purest product with cannabidiol as it contains only CBD. It doesn’t have THC, terpenes, flavonoids or other compounds, which means it contains no smell or taste and can therefore be a great option for adding to food).
When it comes to concentrations, Marry Jane offers the following wide range of products:
- 5% CBD oil drops
These drops contain the lowest concentration of CBD among all Marry Jane oils. It can be a good option for beginners or those who combine different CBD products to reach the daily dose.
- 10% CBD oil drops
These could be suitable for beginners as well as those who are taking CBD continuously. In addition, they can be combined with other low percentage CBD products like CBD vape or edibles. By the way, we have an interesting article about mixing different products with CBD in our blog. You definitely need to get acquainted with it
- 15% CBD oil drops
Also, drops with this concentration can be a good decision for both beginners and those who regularly use CBD. What about mixing with other products with low CBD content? Yes, the drops can be used with them too.
- 20% CBD oil drops
This product may be suitable for those who are taking CBD continuously or need higher concentrations for various reasons, so it’s not recommended for newbies.
- 30% CBD oil drops
Is 25% CBD not enough for you? Well, there is the last option, but certainly not the least. These are the company’s strongest CBD oils for experienced users. If you’re new to CBD, we recommend starting with the lower concentrations as the best option.
The choice depends on your personal traits, concentration preferences and purposes for taking CBD. Also, don’t forget to take into consideration the important factors mentioned above.
9. What are the differences between full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils?
These two types of CBD oil are among the most popular ones. Maybe some of you can be confused with trying to find what makes them different. So, the main points are as follows:
- Content. As we mentioned before, both oils differ in their content. Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils have all the main elements of the plant (terpenes, flavonoids and major cannabinoids), but the latter doesn’t contain THC so they can also be called THC-free CBD oils.
- Manufacturing. Various CBD oils are the result of different manufacturing processes. After the CBD extraction mentioned in the previous sections, the winterization process (removing waxes, solvents, unwanted fats or chlorophyll to get a hemp oil containing CBD, minor cannabinoids and terpenes) comes into play. To produce a broad-spectrum oil, the full-spectrum CBD extract undergoes an extra process called liquid chromatography.
- Potential effects. As the study shows, the plant’s wide array of compounds can make the potential health effects of CBD more noticeable. Another study says the combination of CBD and THC in a full-spectrum CBD product makes it more effective against pain than isolate. Also, the presence of all the major compounds ensures that the full-spectrum product retains the smell and taste of the plant. Moreover, broad-spectrum CBD oil can have antiseizure and antioxidant effects. Some studies have also identified antibiotic effects and potential importance in relieving pain and reducing inflammation, as well as anxiety.
10. What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?
While CBD oil can be associated with hemp oil, the two are not the same. So, what’s the difference?
Firstly, both oils are derived from the different parts of the same plant (whereas CBD oil is extracted from the plant itself, hemp oil is extracted from its seeds).
Secondly, the two have different content. As we said before, CBD oil is the oil that has CBD as its main ingredient. Since there are several types of CBD oil with various content, CBD can be mixed with different cannabinoids. Hemp oil, also commonly known as hemp seed oil, consists of over 80% fatty acids, including the essential omega-6 and omega-3. It’s also high in vitamins B, C and E. Hemp oil can be used as a base oil for other CBD products (such as broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD oils).
And thirdly, both have slightly different possible effects. Various studies have yet to confirm many of the potential therapeutic effects of CBD, But some researches are already showing quite promising results. According to one study, CBD can help have a calming effect, make sleep better and decrease anxiety as well as stress. One more study shows that CBD can be considered an antioxidant and multivitamin, it also reports that CBD can have anti-inflammatory properties and may have the potential to relieve chronic pain.
So hemp oil can be the source of nutrients. In addition, a clinical study on the cardiac effects of hemp seed oil showed that it has the potential to positively influence heart disease. Another study showed that the topical application of hemp oil strengthens the skin and makes it more resistant to infections. And finally, a study found that one of the fatty acids in hemp oil (alpha-linolenic acid) may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, please note that more research is needed on the potential benefits of hemp oil.
11. How CBD oil works
CBD is believed to interact with receptors in the central nervous system, with some evidence pointing to its calming effect. It may also serve as an anti-inflammatory and produce analgesic effects that help control pain.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that occur naturally in the human body and actively interact with cannabinoid receptors located throughout it. When CBD, the main component of CBD oil, binds to these receptors, it triggers a variety of physiological actions that help regulate appetite, pain, mood and memory.
|CBD Drops HS Light||CBD Drops MCT Regular 20%|
12. How can CBD oil be used?
There are many different ways that CBD oil can be consumed and the range of various products that can contain it is not so homogeneous. In this section, we have listed just a few methods to take the oil:
- Sublingually. CBD oil can be placed directly under the tongue. This area is rich in capillaries, so CBD can enter the bloodstream faster. As a result, skipping the gastrointestinal tract, the liver absorbs the oil without first-pass metabolism.
- Orally. Oils containing cannabidiol can be ingested directly into the body as an additive to food or drinks. It’s a tasty way to enjoy a favourite meal while still getting the CBD intake.
- Topically. CBD oil can be massaged into the skin. CBD is often mixed with aromatic coconut oil or beeswax, making it easy to apply. When consumed topically, CBD can target localised areas such as muscles or joints.
13. Potential effects of CBD oil
Several studies have demonstrated the potential effects of CBD oil on humans. According to researchers, CBD oil can help deal with:
- high blood pressure
- chronic pain
- muscle spasms and short recovery
- decreased appetite
- Parkinson’s disease
Even though research into CBD oil has shown some positive results, more studies into the product’s potential effects are needed to reveal its true qualities.
14. Possible side effects of CBD oil
It’s important to understand that every coin has two sides. And CBD oil is no exception. As with any other product, CBD oil can have the following potential side effects:
- gastrointestinal issues
- dry mouth
- liver injury
- changing alertness
- decreasing appetite
- lung diseases
- medication interactions
It’s important to keep in mind that the possible side effects of taking CBD oil may vary from one way of consumption to another.
Nevertheless, according to a study on the potential side effects of CBD in patients of different backgrounds, a high tolerance of CBD is shown. However, one clinical trial involving children and young adults taking CBD oil to treat epilepsy symptoms reported side effects like diarrhoea, tiredness and reduced appetite in about 20% of cases. Around 50% of the study participants reported less frequent seizures.
15. What is CBD extracted from?
This is one of the main questions concerning CBD. Generally speaking, the basic component of CBD oil is CBD that has been extracted from the female flowers of the cannabis plant. It is concentrated in the dense clusters of the flowers, commonly called “buds”. These buds are covered in tiny mushroom-shaped “trichomes”, specialised glandular structures that contain a trove of oily compounds like CBD, THC and various aromatic terpenes.
16. How do you store your CBD oil?
Proper storage of your CBD oil is crucial to maintaining the quality of the product. It’s imperative to follow all the directions prescribed by the producer of CBD oil. To store your CBD oil properly, you should keep it in a dark, cool place and avoid any contact of the oil with heat or moisture. Should CBD oil be stored in the refrigerator? The answer is “Yes”. As long as it doesn’t come in contact with water, the open air and sunlight, you won’t have any problems, and you will be able to preserve your CBD oil for a long time. Just remember that CBD oil’s main enemies are light, high temperatures, humidity and air.
17. History of cannabis
Cannabis has a rich historical background, with the first strain originating in Central Asia as early as 2800 BC. The first records of the plant’s cultivation were recorded in China, where it was used in pottery, clothing and even as paper instead of papyrus. The first evidence of its medicinal use was also recorded in China. Thereafter, the plant spread to other countries, including India, Egypt and the Middle Eastern states. Different nations found the plant useful for various applications, including food and drink, fibre and clothing, ropes, building material, art, science, plastic and others.
Nowadays, the applications for hemp are moving beyond the past and, who knows, might be even more relevant in the future.
18. Final thoughts
CBD oil is one of the most popular CBD products, so it deserves a detailed guide. We have covered all the information about CBD oil which we hope you’ve found useful and interesting. If you’d like to know even more about this topic, you can find additional information in our blog articles about CBD oil and its different aspects. Would you like to learn more about CBD in general and the different products associated with it? Then don’t wait a minute and head over to our blog to read more informative articles. If you have any questions for the members of our highly-skilled team, please don’t hesitate to ask. We are always available to assist you.
- Cannabidiol (CBD)-what we know and what we don’t (https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/cannabidiol-cbd-what-we-know-and-what-we-dont-2018082414476/)
- Does CBD get you high? (https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/does-cbd-get-you-high/)
- What Is CBD Oil? (https://www.verywellhealth.com/cbd-oil-benefits-uses-side-effects-4174562/)
- How CBD Oil Is Made: A Step-by-Step Overview (https://marryjane.com/blog/how-cbd-oil-is-made-a-step-by-step-overview/)
- CBD Oil Percentages and Dosage: All About CBD Concentrations (https://marryjane.com/blog/cbd-oil-percentages-and-dosage-all-about-cbd-concentrations/)
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- CBD: Does it cause a high? (https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/does-cbd-get-you-high/)
- How Long Does CBD Stay in Your System? (https://marryjane.com/blog/how-long-does-cbd-stay-in-your-system/)
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- Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4851925/)
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- CBD Oil vs. Hemp Oil (https://marryjane.com/blog/cbd-oil-vs-hemp-oil/)
- Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10681-004-4811-6)
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- The Endocannabinoid System (https://marryjane.com/blog/the-endocannabinoid-system/)
- Side Effects of CBD Oil: What Are the Risks? (https://marryjane.com/blog/side-effects-of-cbd-oil-what-are-the-risks/)
- The Potential Side Effects of CBD (https://marryjane.com/blog/the-potential-side-effects-of-cbd/)
- CBD Oil: A Primer (https://publications.crgmedia.org/view/968445/10/)
- The History of Hemp (https://marryjane.com/blog/the-history-of-hemp/)