Side Effects of CBD Oil: What Are the Risks?
There’s a lot of information about the potential benefits of CBD oil, which is a favourite CBD product for many people. But what about the other side of the coin? Are there any potential adverse effects? Is there something we can do to prevent them? Can CBD oil actually be dangerous in any way? In this article, we will answer these questions as we talk about the important things you need to know about the potential side effects of CBD oil.
What is CBD oil?
To put it simply, it is oil that contains cannabidiol, a natural compound found in cannabis sativa plants. CBD oil is made by extracting CBD compounds from cannabis plants and mixing them with oil. These compounds can be added to a variety of oils such as hempseed, coconut, MCT or any other oil. The activation of possible CBD’s properties can be more effective when paired with fatty acids. Some people prefer to buy pure extracts to get higher concentrations of the active compounds or to mix them with their daily meals. You can find some interesting articles about adding CBD to your food and drinks on our blog.
How can CBD oils be used?
CBD oils can be taken in a variety of ways, which we have outlined for you below:
- Oils that contain cannabidiol can be absorbed directly into your body when added to your food or drinks. It is a tasty way to enjoy your food while ingesting CBD at the same time.
- You can take CBD oil by placing it directly under your tongue. This part of the mouth is an area rich in capillaries, so the CBD will enter your bloodstream faster. Here, the oil is absorbed without undergoing first-pass metabolism in the liver.
- CBD oil can be applied to your skin and massaged in. CBD is often blended with aromatic coconut oil or beeswax, making it easy to apply to the skin. When used topically, CBD can reach local targets, like muscles or joints.
- CBD oil can be vaporised using a CBD vape pen. During this process, CBD enters the lungs, where it rapidly passes into the bloodstream.
Potential benefits of CBD oil
CBD oils can be consumed orally, sublingually or with daily meals for a variety of reasons.
- CBD oil products can contain vitamins, iron, and essential fatty acids. It is no surprise that vitamins are essential for our bodies in general and different systems of the body. Several different vitamins and fatty acids are found in cannabidiol, with vitamins A, B, C, D, E being among them. You can read more about them in our article via the link above.
- Cannabinoids can interact with the human endocannabinoid system and help regulate multiple processes. CBD reportedly helps people with anxiety, sleep loss, inflammation and chronic pain. This wide range of potential benefits makes CBD oils possibly appealing to people of different ages, professions and needs.
What are the potential side effects of CBD oil?
As with any other product, CBD oils have potential side effects, some of which are listed below:
- gastrointestinal issues;
- dry mouth;
- liver damage;
- changes in alertness;
- loss of appetite;
- lung diseases;
- medication interactions.
Keep in mind that the side effects of taking CBD oil may differ from one method of consumption to another. For example, lung diseases, including asthma, may result from inhaling CBD.
Nevertheless, this study on CBD’s potential side effects among patients from different backgrounds demonstrated a high tolerance of CBD. However, one clinical trial with children and young adults who took CBD oil to treat the symptoms of epilepsy reported about 20% of the participants experienced side effects (diarrhoea, tiredness and reduced appetite). And approximately 50% of the trial participants reported less frequent seizures.
Hopefully, more clinical studies will explore this issue. For now, we invite you to read the most important information on how to consume CBD oil safely, presented in a brief guide below.
Tips for using CBD oil safely
Below, we would like to present you with some tips on the safe use of CBD oil.
- Safety first. Take care with the technique you use to consume CBD oil. Always be mindful of safety precautions and the proper consumption of such products. With regard to vaporising CBD oil, double-check the condition of the equipment you are using.
- Make sure when using CBD oil for the first time, you start with small doses. Not enough research has been done to determine the perfect CBD dosage. Besides, we all have individual systems that can react in their own way. The key factors that will help you determine your CBD dosage are your body weight and the effect you’re aiming for. Specialists always recommend starting with smaller doses and keeping track of your daily consumption, especially if you split your dosage between different meals or parts of the day. The best option is to consult a medical professional who can help you determine the optimal dosage for your particular situation. Note that if you are taking a high concentration of CBD oil (1200-1500 mg) on a daily basis, it is not recommended that you consume it for more than four weeks.
- CBD for people with liver disease. As we mentioned earlier, cannabidiol can cause liver disease. As this study has shown, people with liver disease should take lower doses of the compound compared to healthy people.
- We don’t recommend using CBD during pregnancy and when breastfeeding. You can find information on this issue in one of our previous articles. Due to a lack of research on this topic and the results of studies already reported, it would be better to avoid using CBD during these times.
- CBD in the case of Parkinson’s disease. Various studies have shown that cannabidiol in high doses can worsen muscle movements and tremors in some people with Parkinson’s disease. However, this clinical study examined the cases of 21 participants and found no significant side effects.
- Taking CBD with alcohol. Although we still don’t know exactly how the two substances interact, an excessive intake of both alcohol and CBD can be dangerous to your health. Instead of adding CBD to each cocktail glass, mix the cocktail in one large jar and use the smallest dose of CBD.
- CBD and medications. As we mentioned in the previous section, CBD can interact with the medications you are taking. Moreover, like grapefruit, CBD can affect enzymes that are vital for drug metabolism. That’s why before you start using cannabidiol, check if any of the medications or supplements you’re taking have a special “grapefruit warning”. This study showed that CBD can reduce or even potentiate the effects of other medications. The best approach is to have a consultation with your doctor to clarify the situation.
How do you choose high-quality CBD oil?
Choosing a trustworthy CBD oil producer is extremely important to ensuring your CBD intake is healthy and that you receive timely customer support in case something goes wrong. Here are some things you should keep in mind:
Make sure that the amount of THC in the product complies with the laws of your country. This is the primary consideration when it comes to taking CBD. At Marry Jane, we only support the legal consumption of CBD and CBD products and are very mindful of the unclear status of CBD in many countries around the world. Before you consume products containing cannabidiol, you should carefully review the relevant international and local legislation. Remember that some countries may have different CBD legislation from one region or city to another. Moreover, be sure to double-check the CBD legislation when you travel, especially internationally.
Look for a producer whose CBD oils are third-party tested and check the product’s composition to make sure it doesn’t contain compounds you’re allergic to. Be a watchful consumer. If you cannot find the test results, feel free to ask the producer to provide them.
Read customer reviews on more than one platform or ask your friends for recommendations. Feedback is also important. Search for a variety of product reviews on different platforms. Certainly, we trust the opinions of our family and friends more, so if they’ve tried a product that you are interested in, ask them for their assessment.
Feel free to contact the producer to ask for the necessary information or a bit of advice. Likewise, if you need more information about the product itself or the producer, don’t hesitate to get in touch with them. You can usually find the producer’s contact information or a contact form on their website.
Investigate the average CBD oil price on the market. Don’t fall for extremely low prices as they are invariably too good to be true. These producers may be selling low-quality or non-certified products. Remember that it can sometimes be better to pay more.
Avoid producers who make bold medical claims for their products. As we have already mentioned, there is not enough research to prove the real effects of CBD itself and CBD products in general. And trust producers who include references for their claims about the medical effects of CBD.
Cannabinoids potentially interact with one of the most important systems in our body that is associated with multiple cognitive and neural functions. This is just one of the reasons why we need to be mindful of CBD oil’s potential side effects and be cautious when consuming it. Don’t forget the importance of consulting with your doctor if you would like to take cannabidiol in general and CBD oil in particular. Take care and remember that CBD is a fairly new subject and more research is needed to find out the real effects of cannabidiol on the body. Fortunately, we have some findings that can shed light on the current situation. Our team of professionals is always on hand to help you, so if you have any further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.