The History of Hemp
In our previous articles about hemp, we have already mentioned the vast history of the strain. In today’s article, we would like to cover this topic in more detail; we will trace back the cultivation of hemp and take a closer look at the variety of hemp use in the world. Are you with us? Here we go!
1. First apparitions in history
As you may know, hemp is a strain of cannabis sativa plant that is produced only for industrial needs. As it contains a low level of THC (less than 0.3%), it is not strong enough to get you high. The strain came from Central Asia as early as 2800 BC.
The first data about hemp cultivation was recorded in China, the strain was used in pottery, clothing, and even as paper instead of papyrus! China also had the first recorded factual use of hemp for medicinal purposes. Then, from China hemp seeds started to travel all the way to India, Egypt and the Middle East and, after that to the other regions of the globe.
2. Other examples of historical evidence of hemp use
Below, we would like to present to you other materials that show us historical evidence of hemp’s use in ancient times, that we now know today.
- Findings of cannabis remains on the archeological sites on the islands near Japan.
- Findings of hemp clothes in the tomb of Pharaoh Akhenaten (1200-1300 BC).
- As this source says, hemp grew and was known during the Neolithic period in all northern latitudes including such countries as Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Romania and Ukraine.
3. Hemp use around the world
As hemp spread around the globe, different nations found it useful in different ways. In this section, we will show it to you in more detail.
- Food and drink. As hemp has a potential to be enriched with vitamins and nutrients, it can be added to different kinds of foods and beverages in a variety of forms (for example, hemp oil).
- Fiber and clothing. Hemp produces more fiber but requires less water than cotton plantations.
- People started using hemp-based ropes in 600 BC, and now this application also takes place in different countries around the world.
- Building material. Hempcrete (a combination of fiber derived from woody stems of a hemp plant and a lime-based binder) is used to create buildings and its popularity is growing nowadays.
- Different paintings of the past were created on hemp canvas.
- Well-known hemp car was created by Henry Ford. The car could run on hemp fuel or vegetable oil.
- Hemp plastic that contains 30% of hemp has a potential to be a promising material.
Nowadays, such applications of hemp are moving forward from the past and, who knows, maybe will be topical in the future.
The potential of hemp as an environmentally friendly material is extremely important in the times of environmental crisis, and the massive concern about the carbon emissions in the atmosphere. In this article, we showed you that the strain has a rich history and was used by people throughout the centuries and even for thousands of years. We believe that global communities have yet to rediscover hemp as a multifunctional and sustainable material, and a beautiful history of this plant will go further in centuries.